Gum Disease and Diabetes

Gum disease is an infection in the gum and bone supporting the teeth. Gum disease may eventually result in an unstable base for the teeth, which then become mobile and may fall out or have to be removed.

Gum disease (periodontal disease) is a primary cause of tooth loss in adults, and is often related to diabetes.

People with diabetes have a greater susceptibility to infection in general. Specifically, in the mouth, there is an increased risk of developing periodontal disease. If it develops, it is often a severe form of gum disease. In turn periodontal disease is associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and poor sugar control in diabetics. With diabetes there is an increased risk of heart disease which also has a relationship with periodontal disease.

Smoking and poor oral hygiene for people with diabetes significantly heightens the incidence of gum disease.

What are the signs of gum disease ?
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen and red gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Difficulty in chewing or biting food
  • Bad breath
How can you prevent gum disease?
  • Control your sugar levels
  • Maintain good oral hygiene
  • Maintain a proper and balanced diet
  • Avoid smoking
  • Visit your dentist regularily for cleanings
Early detection of gum disease can lead to proper treatment and potential reversal of the disease. If not treated, gum disease usually leads to eventual tooth loss.

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